5 things you should know about DHCP

Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) is a network management protocol used to automate the process of configuring devices on IP networks which allow using of network services such as DNS, NTP, and any communication protocol based on UDP or TCP.

5 things you should know about DHCP

Without it, the network administrator has to manually set up every client who joins the network, challenging to manage when scaling large networks.

Let me share my DHCP story, and I still remembered those days about how to hack the WiFi network after watching some Indian tutorials. Trust me; many people had been gone through this; I had followed their commands as mentioned in tutorials and typed in the terminal some commands like ifconfig, nslookup, and used some scripts. I had organized in my terminal about ifconfig, and I didn’t know what it does and how these commands are made and executed. Just pretending to be Pro Hacker after learning those commands during those days, but in reality, I wasn’t.

Lol, I was stupid and later realized what it needs to take to be Cybersecurity professionals. You may get a bunch of results after heating those commands, like about the IP address of your local network and DHCP too. And that’s how DHCP comes into my mind, and I learned about it and other protocols.

Let’s come into the section, DHCP servers assign each client a unique dynamic IP address and stretch IP addresses by limiting how long a device can keep an individual IP address.

Note: The client is not a customer 😂 like in business.

# Why DHCP?

I had explained above about its core functionalities. As I said, the DHCP protocol gives the network administrator a method to easily configure the network.

# How DHCP work?

First of all, let’s have an end to end connection with the DHCP server and device. You will clear out much more through visuals. I had tried my best, although I am not good at Photoshop and editing tools.

I hope you got concepts about how DHCP works.

# Let’s look at some weaknesses of DHCP.

  • DHCP is not inherently secure and non-routable protocol.
  • DHCP is vulnerable to Man in the middle attacks where an attacker can intercept messages between two parties and memory consumption issues.
  • Unless the DHCP server has a backup system, all the devices connected to the DHCP server would be affected when the DHCP server fails.
  • DHCP is not suitable for permanent purposes for needing constant access like printers.
  • DHCP lacks any built-in mechanism that would enable clients and servers to authenticate each other.

Let’s learn what kind of information is provided by the DHCP server to the clients. The DHCP port number for the server is 67 and 68 for the client. The DHCP server offers the necessary four information to the DHCP clients, but there are 8 DHCP messages in the process.

  • The IP address for the clients(Computer, Desktop, Smartphone, Laptop)
  • Subnet mask information
  • Default Gateway IP address
  • The IP address of the Domain Name Server

It already became five things about DHCP. Awesome. Note: I didn’t share deeply about the DHCP message. I will share about that in the upcoming post. Want to know more about DHCP. Visit this site. And have you read about OWASP Top 10 vulnerabilities? If you haven’t, why don’t you want to read? Here is the link.

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